Fresco


Fresco
   A painting technique devised during antiquity to decorate the walls or ceilings of private and public buildings. It entails coating the pictorial surface with a layer of coarse lime plaster (arriccio) on which the intended scene is drawn using red earth pigment (sinopia). The painting is then carried out in sections (giornate). Each section is covered with a layer of smooth plaster (intonaco) onto which pigments diluted in water are applied while the plaster is still wet. Once the plaster dries, the paint becomes a part of the wall. This technique creates a durable image that can last for centuries. Once the fresco is completed, touchups can be made using a fresco secco method where pigment is applied to the dried wall. This technique is less durable and in time can cause the paint to flake off.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Fresco — (plural either frescos or frescoes ) is any of several related painting types, done on plaster on walls or ceilings. The word fresco comes from the Italian word affresco which derives from the adjective fresco ( fresh ), which has Latin origins.… …   Wikipedia

  • fresco — fresco, ca adjetivo 1. (ser / estar, antepuesto / pospuesto) Que tiene una temperatura moderada o agradablemente fría: agua fresca, viento fresco. Esta casa es muy fresca. Mete el vino en la nevera para que esté bien fresco. La fresca brisa… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Fresco — de una mujer romana de Pompeya, c. 50 d. C …   Wikipedia Español

  • fresco — fresco, ca (Del germ. *frĭsk, nuevo, ágil). 1. adj. Moderadamente frío, con relación a nuestra temperatura, a la de la atmósfera o a la de cualquier otro cuerpo. 2. Reciente, acabado de hacer, de coger, etc. Queso fresco. U. t. en sent. fig.… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • fresco — FRÉSCO s.n. Ţesătură din fire subţiri de lână, uni sau cu efecte de culori, întrebuinţată mai ales pentru confecţionarea îmbrăcămintei de vară. – Din it. fresco. Trimis de zaraza joe, 03.05.2008. Sursa: DEX 98  a frésco loc. adv. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Fresco — Тип …   Википедия

  • fresco — |ê| s. m. 1. Gênero de pintura sobre parede argamassada pouco antes. 2. Cena assim pintada. • Sinônimo geral: AFRESCO   ‣ Etimologia: italiano fresco fresco |ê| adj. 1. Que está um pouco frio (ex.: água fresca). 2. Nem frio, nem quente. =… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Fresco — Frèsco, das Italiänische Wort fresco, frisch, und in engerm Verstande, frischer, d.i. nasser Kalk, die Mahlerey auf nassen Kalk zu bezeichnen. Al Fresco mahlen, auf nassen Kalk. Daher der Fresco Mahler, die Fresco Mahlerey …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • fresco — [dal germ. frisk ]. ■ agg. (pl. m. chi ) 1. a. [di clima, aria, acqua, ecc., che, per la temperatura alquanto bassa, dà al corpo la sensazione di un freddo moderato e per lo più gradevole: una f. brezza ; una bibita f. ] ▶◀ rinfrescante.… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • fresco — 1590s, in fresco, lit. in fresh, with a sense of painted on fresh mortar or plaster, from It. fresco cool, fresh, from P.Gmc. *friskaz (see FRESH (Cf. fresh) (1)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Fresco — Fres co, n.; pl. {Frescoes} or {Frescos}. [It., fr. fresco fresh; of German origin. See {Fresh}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. A cool, refreshing state of the air; duskiness; coolness; shade. [R.] Prior. [1913 Webster] 2. (Fine Arts) (a) The art of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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